APA format is one of three main citation styles you’re expected to encounter at some time throughout your education.
Specifically in psychology, education, and also the sciences, APA format may be the citation that is preferred over other popular style guides, like MLA format, which will be widely used into the humanities.
APA format definition
APA format is an style that is academic developed by the American Psychological Association. It really is most often utilized for scientific papers, especially research-based content.
APA format is recommended among many disciplines due to its emphasis and clarity on highlighting newer source material (for example. date-focused citations with a preference for ‘recent’ source content). Listed here are instructions and examples for formatting general aspects of an APA paper that is formatted including just how to write a cover page, running head (header), an in-text citation, and a Reference section.
Note: you can find components of this style guide that overlap with MLA format. Thus, you might find that element of these records is restated from the MLA guide; however, there are numerous components unique to APA alone and neither guide can sufficiently substitute the other.
General guidelines that are formatting APA
- Your document should really be keyed in double-space, 12 pt. font. The standard font is Times New Roman, but some scholars prefer Arial.
- Your document’s margins must be one inch on all sides.
- You ought to include a cover page (aka title page) unless otherwise specified.
- You have to include a running head (i.e. a full page header) that sits at the top of every page of your document.
- To produce the running head, use the “Insert Header” function in your word processor.
- Every page should really be numbered in the right hand side of the page within the header that is auto-created. Additionally, you will insert the title flush left in all caps.
- The title should really be in title case; every expressed word should not be capitalized.
- Your first and subsequent paragraphs should be indented one half inch through the left regarding the document. You should use the TAB button function to indent rather than the room bar.
- There should only be one space all things considered marks of punctuation. Because word processing software already makes up the space after a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is inaccurate and antiquated.
Running head formatting is specific to APA and should never be employed for other citation types. To generate the running head and ensure it turns up on every page of your document, make use of the “Insert Header” function on your word processor and then type the title of your paper flush left using all capital letters.
The head that is running a shortened version of your full paper title, and thus the running head must not exceed significantly more than 50 characters including punctuation marks and character spacing.
The aforementioned example is 49 characters long, including spaces and marks of punctuation (when it comes to title).
Your cover page ought to include the information that is following title regarding the paper, author’s name, and institutional affiliation (in other words. the university, college, or academic/professional institution for which you are writing your paper). You need to also include a running head flush left with the pagination flush right towards the top of one’s document.
Note: On the cover page, your head that is running will distinct from it does on all subsequent pages.
As you care able to see, you have to range from the words “Running head” on your title page to point that it’s the paper’s running head; on all the pages, you want not include these words as well as your title.
APA citations that are in-text not dependent on container (e.g. book, article). Citations should be in parentheses and placed at the end of a sentence prior to the period, whether paraphrasing or citing a direct quote.
APA format follows the author-date style: (Last Name, Year) and uses a comma between the two elements. If referencing a spot that is specific the written text, you are encouraged to utilize exact page numbers using a lowercase p. + the page number in the parentheses after the year.
All citations, no matter container, are formatted the same for in-text citations in APA. There’s absolutely no variance predicated on container as it is true for MLA style.
Note: There are different formatting requirements for short vs. long quotations in APA.
General citation that is in-text:
- Titles of source material should be capitalized (which will be not the case in the References page); all words four letters or longer must also be capitalized (exceptions for pronouns, adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.)
- Hyphenated compound words in a title are both capitalized, not merely the first word
- The word write my paper that is first after a colon or dash is capitalized
- All longer container titles (e.g. books, films, TV series, music albums) ought to be italicized
Direct quotes (non-paraphrasing) require the author’s name, year of publication, and page number in (p. #) format. You could either make use of the author’s last name in the sentence preceding the parenthetical citation or through the author’s last name when you look at the parentheses directly.
Long, direct quotations (40 words or higher) should really be written in block format without quotation marks. The quotation should begin on a line that is new another half inch inward (where a new paragraph would naturally begin. All subsequent lines should be indented as such. Long quotes should really be double-spaced like the rest of the document, plus the citation that is parenthetical following the final punctuation mark associated with quotation.
General format for very long quotations:
King (1986) noted:
A small boy in a yellow slicker and red galoshes ran cheerfully along next to the newspaper boat. The rain had not stopped, but it was finally slackening. It tapped in the yellow hood regarding the boy’s slicker, sounding to his ears like the rain regarding the roof that is shed. (p. 3)
Your APA-formatted Reference page is when the extended, detailed versions of all references used throughout your essay or research paper are.
For every container listed below, you will discover a formula that is general citing the foundation in your Reference page along side an example.
General Reference page rules:
- Use hanging indentations for each line that follows the line that is firstsecond and subsequent lines in one reference must certanly be indented)
- Author names should always be in Last Name First Initial format (for up to six authors of one given work)
- All reference entries should really be in alphabetical order
- Any books or materials published by the same s that are author( must certanly be listen in chronological order from oldest to most recent
- Use whatever capitalization and punctuation is used by an original container, even if not ‘standard’